Cause and Effect of Overpopulation
The population growth rate of human beings is quite worrying. Towns, streets, and schools have been overcrowded due to rapid population growth. For instance, by 1960 the earth harboured a population of 3 billion people. However, by 2010 the population had doubled. The reasons are crystal clear. Increased immigration and birth rates, and a decline in the rate of mortality, are evident causes of overpopulation. When the number of people surpasses the carrying capacity of a particular area, overpopulation occurs. We all know that resources are usually limited. ("Human Overpopulation Causes, Effects, and Solutions")
Although the population of human beings has been escalating in a continuous manner since 1400, the most dramatic increase has been in the last 5 decades. Chiefly as a result of availability of food and good medical care. The availability of food renders humans sexually active, which in turn, takes population growth to unclimbable heights. In addition, advancements in medical care decrease the death rate ("Causes and Effects of Overpopulation")
The effects of overpopulation are self-explanatory. When birth rates go up, natural resources get exhausted. This creates unforgiving economic strains at home. Consequently, we deplete fisheries, forests, plant, and animal species. Overpopulation is prominent in Africa, especially in the Sub-Sahara region, China, and India - an undesirable recipe to impoverishment. It is unfortunate that high levels of illiteracy and ignorance have facilitated overpopulation, as these people struggle to appreciate the role of family planning. Malnutrition, starvation, high Carbon (IV) Oxide content in the atmosphere, pollution, and global warming are the problems that come with overpopulation.
Child labour, juvenile crime, and truancy owe attribute to poverty. Children seek other means of survival because their parents cannot adequately provide for them. This scenario produces a corrupted breed of pessimists who see the world as a bully. Parents should not, therefore, relieve themselves of the obligation to raise their dependents in the best way possible.
It is by no coincidence that China has implemented birth control policies. In China each family is allowed to have one child only. China has an astonishing population of 1.4 billion people, and the number could have multiplied uncontrollably, were it not for the birth control strategy.
Interestingly, the poor families prefer having more children. To do justice to ourselves and our dependents, we must have few children. This shall enable us to give our children the best education, medication, food, and other incentives. They will have a good future and meet challenges ahead with pride. In this way, poverty, and crime rates would reduce to manageable levels.
When the country population reaches its highest level possible, a lot of problems immediately appear. In case the population growth exceeds all reasonable limits, serious consequences will be follow and some of them you may describe in your overpopulation cause and effect essay.
*Overpopulation that goes hand in hand with poverty…
Poverty is a natural result of overpopulation. In fact, poverty turns to be both a cause and an effect of the population growth. One of the best examples of population growth consequences is India, where more than 25% of people live far below the poverty line. They lack shelters, clothes and food. Thus, a rapid growth of population causes mass poverty in the modern society.
*Overpopulation & Under- or Unemployment
Not only people are to be provided with food and shelters, but they’re also in need of well-paid jobs. But the point is that it is a really tough task to create new jobs. There is already a great percentage of unemployment that goes together with the underemployment. More than 6 million individuals who approach the working age immediately become job seekers. All job opportunities provided in the course of the famous Five Year Plans do not satisfy the job demand. As a result, the percentage of the people who stay unemployed increases and brings a wide range of society problems.
*Overpopulation in tandem with famine
The population that is rapidly growing has already led to the shortage of food. Although the agricultural system develops quickly, there are millions of people who still do not have an opportunity to get even the minimum necessary amount of food. Make sure to mention the fact that although modern society has already reached self-sufficiency in the field of food production not all the people have access to the sufficient amount of food needed to support their health.
*Overpopulation reflected by the standards of living
The standard of living represents the way people tend to live. It shows the quality and quantity of modern consumption. As a result of rapid growth of the world population, the standard of living has been negatively affected.
*Overpopulation that slows the world economic development
Economic development tends to be slower in the regions where population is growing faster. The absence of savings slows down capital formation dramatically, which influences the overall situation in turn. Lack of capital, eventually, has contributed to the slow growth in different segments of economy.
A careful and detailed study of the causes and effects of overpopulation leads to logical essay conclusions. Make sure to mention that we have no opportunity to remove the world population or just bring it to the most optimum level. Conclude your essay with the thought that what we’re able to do is just to keep it under certain control.
About Steven Arndt
Steven Arndt is a passionate writer, educator and a former History teacher. He tends to reconsider the role of modern education in our society and watches with awe the freedom the youth now has.