A Brief History of Apartheid in South Africa Essay examples
676 Words3 Pages
A Brief History of Apartheid in South Africa
Apartheid is not a new thing. Ever since Dutch colonists landed in 1652, "Blacks" and "Whites" have lived apart in South Africa. Officially started in 1948 when the Afrikaner Nationalist party came to power, apartheid is a system of racial laws devised to "Preserve and promote a white majority over a black majority." It has a lot of opposition and it led to an international boycott of South Africa because of it.
When the Dutch first landed and established a strong colony there, they got on relatively peacefully with the natives. Then British and French landed. Theye wer lured by the prospect of all the gold and diamonds that were rich in South…show more content…
Since black people were not allowed to vote (being subhuman). they came to power in 1948 .
The first thing the ANP did was to officialy instate apartheid. Many new measures were taken, first of which was the Race Rlassification Act, which made sure that the entire population was split up into 4 groups- White, Black, Colored and Indian. Of these groups, only the "Whites" (15% of the population) had the right to vote. The second act of the ANP was the Population Regulation Act. It was made to reinforce the first act. It"s details defined to races thouroughly. In one incident, it was used to decide wether an abandoned child was white or coloured. A strand of the child"s hair was taken to a labratory experiment and it"s width measured. It was deemed to be thicker than a normal white persons hair and so the child was classed as "colored". One polititian was quoted to say "This [act] put"s blacks in their place. After the first two acts, 317 laws were passed involvinc Apartheid of the races.
These are just a few of them.
The SAF of the dividing of the land. 84% of the land was given to the "Whites", 14% was all the blacks had and the remaining 2% was where the colored"s and the Indian's were shunted off to.
Because of this act, Black slaves and workers were forced to carry passes with
Apartheid In South Africa Essay
Bringing Apartheid to an End
Apartheid ? What do think that word means? Well in the Afrikaans language it means separateness. It was a cruel way of separating people. Four different groups were formed from this new law. These included Black, White, Mixed, and Asiatic. Some groups were treated better than the others. Example of that was be whites and blacks. Whites were treated more superior while the blacks were treated inferior. Although there were much more blacks than whites they couldn't throw over the government. The reason for that is because the government and the Afrikaners set up police and security organizations or systems around the city to prevent the blacks striking at the whites. Since the blacks could not fight, they had to use peaceful means to stop this "injustice." They set up black groups and peaceful talks to convince the government that they were no different than the Afrikaners. Even this led to nothing.
Along with lots of other people, four valuable and important people live in the heart of Africa. They include Nelson Mandela, Steven Biko, Frederik Willem de Klerk, and Archbishop Desmond Tutu. They led important black African groups, held peaceful talks, brought international interest, said no to racism, weren't afraid, brought back the black spirit, ended the apartheid and changed Africa back to the way it was. It took a long time for the change to occur but finally it did occur in 1994. This was a day that the black Africans will remember.
Willem De Klerk, a white Afrikaner who believed that there should be equality which is what he succeeded in. De Klerk was born on March 18, 1936 in Johannesburg, South Africa. He studied in Potchefstroom University and got a law degree there. De Klerk was elected as the head of the National Party in 1982 in Transvaal and in February 1989 he was chosen as the party's leader. After a little over half an year, Willem de Klerk became president. In 1990 when he had the presidential power, he stopped the racist system and brought apartheid to an end. De Klerk set a multiracial general election for the 1994 election. He freed Nelson Mandela from jail and with Nelson Mandela's help he put the nation back together.
Nelson Mandela, a black South African who fought the apartheid with extraordinary vigor and resilience by peaceful means. Mandela studied law at the...
Loading: Checking Spelling0%